The Perseverance has completed a journey of 480 million kilometers. Before landing, it shot into the thin atmosphere of Mars at a speed of about 20,000 kilometers per hour. Seven minutes later, dangling from a parachute, he dropped the last bit at about 3 kilometers per hour:
The US space agency successfully launched Perseverance (“Perseverance”) in late July from its Cape Canaveral launch site, Florida. Since then, the three-meter-long cart – costing more than 2.2 billion euros – has been on its way to the red planet.
Sign of life
The goal of the mission is to find traces of life in a crater called Jezero. This crater is located in the northern hemisphere of the planet and was created by an impact of a meteorite. There are strong suspicions that it was once filled with water.
Pick up samples
Perseverance will take soil samples in the Jezero crater. The plan is that these samples will be picked up by another Mars rover in a subsequent mission in seven years’ time and eventually returned to Earth in the year 2031.
The Mars rover is a fine piece of technology. For example, the cart is full of cameras (23 pieces), microphones and antennas. Perseverance also has a robotic arm and a drill.
Most innovative, however, is a small helicopter that travels in the rover’s abdomen to study the Martian surface from the air as an experiment.
Crowds on Mars
NASA isn’t alone in entering the red planet. Since the distance between Mars and Arde was favorable last summer, China and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) are also engaged in Mars missions. The UAE is a satellite that investigates the atmosphere, the Chinese hope to land their own Mars rover in May.