Cars

Buying an electric car: Beginners fall into these six traps

With their first own electric car, drivers enter the world of almost silent gliding, without annoying gear changes or local emissions. But charging, fear of range and completely new technology also require getting used to. So that newcomers to electronics make the right purchase decision, AUTO BILD shows the most common mistakesthat happen again and again when you buy. You can find even more information about buying an e-car here.

The most common mistakes when buying an e-car

1. Refrain from CCS

The charging speeds of the electric vehicle models differ greatly from one another. It will only get really fast when the electric car dies “CCS” charging standard supports. Then 50 kW charging power or – depending on the vehicle – significantly more are possible, otherwise a maximum of 43 kW, usually only 11 or 22 kW. Almost all manufacturers offer the CCS standard, but partly only for a surcharge. Renault, for example, charges 1100 euros for the CCS option on the Zoe, but it is always installed in Hyundai vehicles (You can find an overview of all common charging connections here).
CHAdeMO CCS type 2 charging plug

In contrast to the type 2 connector, the CCS connection has two additional connector poles.


CCS charging stations are only available on the go, wallboxes for at home only offer a maximum of 22 kW anyway. So it is mainly drivers who benefit regularly charge quickly on the go want. In addition, it is very likely that it will facilitate resale later if the feature is on board.

2. Do not order a heat pump

Cars with internal combustion engines heat their interior without using extra energy. The heated cooling water flows through a heat exchanger and ensures that the air that flows into the interior is heated. It doesn’t work so easily with electric cars.

From the automaker’s point of view, the easiest and cheapest way to warm up the interior is one in his electric car electric heating to be built in. It works, but it consumes electricity that is missing when driving. The range shrinks faster, especially in winter – Not at all in the interests of the driver.

A heat pump can help. If it is installed, the waste heat from the drive components is also used in the electric car to heat the interior. The range in cold temperatures improves. With some manufacturers the pump is standard, with others it costs extra – or it is not even offered. A heat pump is a “nice-to-have”, but not worth it for everyone, says Stefan Moeller from the electric car rental company Nextmove. The price is high, the yield is relatively low – The feature pays off especially for frequent driversthe expert believes.

Tesla display with charge status

When the heating is on in winter, the range of all electric cars shrinks. Even more so if there is no heat pump on board.


Alternatively, it makes sense, especially in the electric car, to put a cross at Seat and steering wheel heating close. They warm the driver directly and consume less electricity. If none of these features are on board, there are heated seat covers. (AUTO BILD has tested nine heated seat covers!)

3. Choose a battery that is too small

More range means fewer worries for e-car drivers. One thing is clear: If you have to deal with longer journeys on a regular basis, then it is definitely worth choosing the largest battery capacity. But otherwise it can be a mistake to save on the battery of all things – because with increasing mileage, the capacity will decrease, cold temperatures also limit the range. And in view of the expected technical progress, e-cars that already lack range look old even faster. That makes reselling difficult.

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4. Miss the BAFA grant

Greater caution should be exercised when buying and re-importing young, used e-cars. Because the maximum of 6000 euros funding is only granted under certain conditions. A used electric car, for example, is allowed approved for no longer than twelve months have been, the maximum mileage is 15,000 kilometers. Re-imports are generally possible with a premium – but not if the vehicle is already subsidized by the state in another EU country became.

5. Accept a lack of service

Although electric cars have far fewer wearing parts than conventional combustion engines, they too have to be serviced or sometimes repaired. But that The service network of some manufacturers in Germany still has large gaps. So far, for example, exist Service center neither in Thuringia nor in Saxony and Saxony-Anhalt from Tesla. Although the manufacturer has officially abolished all maintenance appointments, certain components such as the cabin air filter should still be replaced from time to time. Before buying, you should find out exactly how far away the nearest authorized workshop is.

6. Not paying attention to the guarantee

Of the Energy storage of an electric car wears out over time, and the range decreases. At some point the battery has to be replaced. That costs a lot of money: with the Smart EQ approx. 8600 euros, at the Nissan Leaf 5000 Euro, on a Renault Zoe around 9,000 euros. In the best case scenario, this is where the manufacturer’s guarantee comes in, mostly depending on the remaining capacity. An example: If the battery capacity of a Hyundai Kona Elektro fell below 70 percent, Hyundai would replace the battery. The warranty period here is eight years or 160,000 kilometers, which are typical values. Jaguar, for example, only offers 100,000 kilometers or eight years.

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