Cars

Buying an electric car: you have to know that to buy an electric car

Tips for buying an e-car

Which e-car suits whom?

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The range of electric cars in Germany has increased over the past ten years greatly widened, with a delay also in the portfolio of the major manufacturers. From the Small cars to luxury limousines has become almost every segment energized. The e-car is now even accepted as a sports car, as the great success of the Porsche Taycan proves. So think about your needs as a car owner: Do you often drive alone or do you have to take your family with you? After that, you should use the Size of the car determine. Commute only to work and back? Then maybe a small car without a long range such as a Smart EQ, Seat Mii electric or Honda E. longer trips on the program? Then maybe a VW ID.3, a Tesla Model 3 or a Ford Mustang Mach-E would be the right choice. Or maybe a plug-in hybrid with an additional internal combustion engine on board. But the choice of battery for your favorite model can also play a role. Maybe it doesn’t have to be the biggest.

Why does the battery make electric cars expensive?

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Anyone who wants to buy a new electric car still sees themselves with one relatively high purchase price faced. However, the discrepancy to vehicles with internal combustion engines has decreased significantly, primarily due to the increased purchase premium for electric vehicles (at least until 2025). The base price for an Opel Corsa is a good 14,400 euros, and a Corsa-e is available for around 6,500 euros more thanks to the 9,000 euros innovation bonus (as of January 2021). The number one price driver is still the battery pack, the most expensive component in an electric car. It accounts for a good third of the production costs (everything on the subject of electric car batteries). But there is good news for anyone interested in electric cars: The battery prices are falling. The mark of 100 euros per kilowatt hour of capacity could be reached in as little as two to three years. It is repeatedly cited in the industry as the point at which electric cars could draw level with comparable combustion engines in terms of price without purchase price subsidies. VW wants to lower the price with standard batteries.

What financial support is there for e-cars

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In order to achieve the EU climate targets, the federal cabinet approved the climate package at the end of 2019. The CO2 tax makes traditional driving more expensive; on the other hand, low-emission or zero-emission electric mobility is promoted. The most important tool for this is Innovation bonus (increased environmental bonus), which brings a price advantage of up to 9,000 euros (plus VAT savings) for e-car buyers. At least by the end of 2025 So it pays to think about buying a new e-mobile. Two thirds of the subsidy is paid by the federal government, the rest by the respective manufacturer. An application form and all information is available from the Federal Office of Economics and Export Control (BAFA).

Since November 16, 2020, buyers of electric cars have also been able to use one double funding apply, i.e. take advantage of federal AND state funding programs at the same time, for example to retrofit taxis, rental cars, car sharing cars or municipal vehicles.

How do you correctly estimate the range and battery of the electric car?

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Electric car buyers shouldn’t be on battery pack save, the range depends on it. Whenever possible, he should charged between 20 and 80 percent be. It’s natural for his capacity with time decreased. With a service life of eight to ten years, the battery loses up to 30 percent of its storage capacity, depending on the Charging type, Number of charging cycles or Driving style. Also at cold the range drops quickly (range tips for the winter). The so-called State-of-Health-Value (SoH), i.e. the ratio of the current maximum usable capacity to the nominal capacity, provides information about the condition of the battery. Used car buyers should have a test done in a branded workshop (30-60 euros) or don’t forget the service booklet. Most manufacturers (VW, Renault, BMW, Mini, Skoda, Peugeot, Citro├źn, Hyundai, Fiat, Jaguar, Audi, Mercedes, Nissan, Opel, Mazda, Honda, Volvo, Porsche) give one Battery guarantee over eight years and 160,000 kilometers, many with a guaranteed storage capacity of 70 percent.
Important: In terms of range do not rely solely on the manufacturer’s information. These were mostly collected under unrealistic conditions and cannot be achieved in everyday life. It is therefore advisable to inquire about the range in real operation from the dealer before buying. Then again about a third buffer be scheduled. So if you use the car for at least 100 kilometers a day, you should buy a car with at least 150 kilometers (real) range. Then the electric car will still be fun a few years later.

Charging stations and wall boxes: How can you charge publicly and privately?

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In addition to the topic of range, the topic of charging should also be included in the purchase decision for or against the electric car. Before buying an electric car one should find out about the Charging infrastructure in the area inform. Best should a way to charge at home be available. A wallbox is very suitable here – a high-voltage connection especially for e-cars. These private charging points cost roughly between 500 and 2000 euros, do the installation all over again 1000 to 2000 euros. The state gives a grant of 900 euros. The Apartment Modernization Act (WEMoG) for the expansion of electromobility has been safeguarding since December 1, 2020 Owners and tenants alike the right, on the parking space in the garage or on the property to install a charging station (more information). And it generally makes structural changes easier.

An electric car can usually also be charged from a household socket, but that should be the exception rather than the rule. The process takes many hours and puts a strain on the connection. Some connections (e.g. in older buildings) are not at all suitable for this. If you drive to work by car, you should clarify whether there is a possibility of reloading there.

Which charging cable is the right one?

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How quickly and efficiently an electric car charges depends on three factors: Charging option, charging system in the car and the Cable-plug combinations. Short cables are easy and don’t waste space in the trunk. But if, for example, a public power station is parked by a combustion engine, one can help extra long charging cableto get juice. The disadvantage: long cables are heavy, bulky and more expensive. In addition, the longer the cable length increases the Power dissipation. who At home loads, that should cable as short as possible Select. For the mobile use recommends the Rule of thumb: Width plus length of the car equals minimum cable dimensions.

Spiral or straight cable? The latter is easier to lay on and around the car, but it tends to end up in the dirt. Coiled cables always shrink to their smallest pack size and can be laid airily. However, they can endanger the paintwork and attachments of the car. In addition, they consume more material, are therefore more expensive and have higher resistance. They are becoming less important in the market.

When is it worth leasing an electric car?

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One way to keep the price down when buying an electric car is through leasing. That too is from increased environmental bonus favorably priced, however staggered. Only with a term of at least 24 months will the full premium counted, i.e. 9,000 euros with a net list price of up to 40,000 euros and 7,500 above (up to 65,000 euros). For short-term contracts of 6 to 11 months, the subsidy is 2250 or 1875 euros, for 12 to 23 months 4500 or 3750 euros. The possibility of Battery rental to reduce the purchase price there is getting rare. Even Renault has since abolished it for the long-standing bestseller Zoe based on experience with its customers.

What are the tax benefits and other privileges?

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As with the purchase, the state also lends a hand with the maintenance of e-car customers. E-cars are the first ten years after buying a new one exempt from road tax, after that are merely 50 percent due. In the Company car taxation Only 0.25 percent of the gross list price has to be set for pure electric cars (from first registration, applies until 2030), for plug-in hybrids 0.5 percent. Electric car owners also enjoy tax advantages when charging for free at work: If the employer grants the possibility to charge the electric car free of charge, the free electricity does not have to be declared in the tax return as a pecuniary benefit. E-car owners enjoy other advantages, especially in many inner cities. In many parking garages there are free parking spaces with charging stations for electric cars. E-cars also park freely in many public spaces – at least while they are charging.

How much is the motor insurance for electric cars?

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When insuring an electric car, the same applies as with any other vehicle: Compare tariffs in advance! Many insurance companies are now cheaper for e-cars than for gasoline-powered vehicles. The reason the Stromer is up to her Classification in better type classes. The respective classification results from the reported accident damage in previous years for a model. These are apparently lower due to the better safety technology of the e-cars and the more prudent driving style of their owners. Only liability insurance is mandatory for e-cars. However, a fully comprehensive policy is advisable. Important: The insurance protection should cover the battery in full. This also includes damage caused by operating errors, such as a deep discharge.

Low maintenance and operating costs for an electric car?

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A clear price advantage of the electric car in contrast to a combustion engine results from the lower maintenance and repair costs. Typical wear parts such as toothed belts, spark plugs or clutches are no longer necessary, as are lubricants and cooling water. There are also no longer any regular oil changes. The brakes wear out more slowly thanks to recuperation. Of course, there is an in-house inspection once a year too, but it is a good third cheaper than a comparable combustion engine. Of the most important cost item for the pro-e-mobility group, however, that is fuel: Electricity for electric cars is considerably cheaper than gasoline or diesel, even if electricity costs fluctuate and have recently increased slightly on average. With the Find the cheapest electricity tariff and Alternatives like a local one, for example Solar roof can also be save money. The ADAC has selected E-cars, plug-in hybrids and combustion vehicles one Total cost comparison subjected. Here, for example, the kilometer with a VW e-Golf 7 burdened the budget with 40.8 cents significantly less than that with a Golf 8 petrol engine (47.6 cents) or a Golf VIII diesel (49.2 cents).

Is there a risk of loss of value when reselling?

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For a long time, electric cars were in business Depreciation on par with combustion engines or even ahead, especially at times of intense climate discussions. It looks a little different now. Deutsche Automobil Treuhand (DAT) warned at the end of November 2020 permanently low prices for used e-cars and plug-in hybrids. The reason is the extension of the increased purchase premium until the end of 2025. More lease returns are also to be expected for the electric vehicles. So you should as a prospect correctly classify the incentive provided by the environmental bonus – or consider buying a used electric vehicle.

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