Charging an e-car: what speaks for and against plug-in charging

Should an electric car be charged from a normal socket?


Only at suitable sockets. The German insurers warn against charging the e-car from unsuitable sockets. The reason for this is very easy to understand: Usually 230 V Schuko sockets, which are normally installed in the house, are on the transport of a much smaller amount of electricity designed as electric cars need them for charging. Anyone who charges from a socket should definitely do so from a socket permanently installed in the house that is specially secured. Because charging at the socket not only takes a long time (six to 24 hours), it heated potentially the socket and the line in the wall. In the worst case scenario, an unsuitable Schuko socket can cause a fire.

Are electrical fires caused by charging insured?


Not automatically. If you want to charge your electric car more often from a normal socket, you should definitely use the Buildings insurer Contact us and find out more. A supplement to the existing insurance contract may be necessary. It is also advisable to have a electrician to have the power grid checked and upgraded.

Which normal household socket is actually possible?


Just sockets permanently installed in the wall in the best condition. Even scratched contacts on the household socket or retaining clips that have become tired over the years can increase the contact resistance during the current flow and produce undesirable heat. The same applies to improper electrical installations that may not have been carried out by a professional.

Can I charge my e-car with an extension cable?


Only specially designed Schuko extension cables can supply an electric car with the right charging current without overheating. If you want to charge with an extension cable, you should make sure that the cable a sufficient cross-section for the desired amount of current measured in amperes has it is completely rolled out and not with humidity comes into contact. Otherwise extension cables are taboo!

What does the 16 ampere fuse mean?


If you have to charge your electric car at a normal socket, you should make sure that the socket is connected to a 16 ampere circuit breaker is secured. Usually this is the case in the household, but better safe than sorry! This means that electrical consumers with a maximum output of 16 amps times 230 volts (corresponds to 3680 watts) can be operated on this circuit. If this maximum load is exceeded, the fuse trips. Any less powerful socket is overwhelmed by an electric car, can overheat and start a fire.

How long does it take to charge from a normal socket?


One argument against charging e-cars from normal sockets is that Loading timewhich is measured by the low flow rate of 2.3 kW per hour. Depending on the battery capacity of the vehicle, it can be up to 24 hours pull it in (e.g. with a 100 kWh battery). During this time, the can is continuously loaded and emits heat. The following bill This illustrates the charging time: an electric car battery with a capacity of 38 kWh needs more than 15 hours for a full charge with 2.3 kW, whereas with eleven kW it is 3.5 hours. On the fast charger, the battery draws 80 percent of its energy in 40 minutes. However, slow charging is also particularly gentle on the car battery.

Is the wallbox the solution to the problem?


Who his electric car safe and worry free want to charge at home, it’s best to install one Wallbox. These compact charging stations are usually attached to the wall in the garage at home and almost charge the car five times faster on than the household socket. They are designed for the high power requirements of electric cars. And they are updated with 900 euros Subsidized by the federal government per charging point. However, the installation should be carried out by a professional.

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