CONTROL & PENALTIES: District authorities and magistrates receive extensive rights: they are allowed to monitor compliance with the requirements on site and must have access to the premises and the relevant documents. Violations can result in fines of up to 1,450 euros or 30,000 euros for entrepreneursthat violate conditions. Private living areas are explicitly excluded from controls.
LIGHT & COMMISSION: The “traffic light system” and the Corona Commission. The latter is – except in the case of imminent danger – to be heard before a regulation is issued. The law also states which criteria should be used when assessing the epidemiological situation: newly occurring cases, the cluster analysis (i.e. the question of how many cases the source of infection was clarified), the occupancy rate of the hospitals, the proportion of positive in all tests as well as regional features such as tourism and commuter flows.
– The so-called “cascade regulation” for measures against epidemics remains unchanged compared to the first draft. In order to prevent a nationwide lockdown, regionally differentiated measures should be possible, according to the explanations: Health Minister Anschober is responsible for nationwide ordinances, the governors for nationwide measures and the district authorities and magistrates for restrictions in the district. Regionally different measures are permitted (e.g. more severe interventions in individual municipalities in a district). And all measures must be reported to the Minister of Health before they come into force.
SCHOOL SCREENING: There are also changes in the Epidemic Act: Education Minister Heinz Faßmann (ÖVP) may in future (in agreement with Anschober) Corona screening programs in schools have it carried out.
QUARANTINE: According to the Epidemic Act, anyone who suffers from a “notifiable disease” can already be quarantined. At the moment, every quarantine must be reported to the responsible district court. In the future they will Courts are only informed if the quarantine lasts longer than ten days. This means that most corona quarantine cases should no longer end up in court. Initially, Anschober wanted to extend the reporting deadline to four weeks, but has shortened this deadline in the current draft. The judges must continue to review prolonged detention every three months.
EVENTS: For events with “larger crowds” Slightly changed rules apply: these are either to be approved subject to certain conditions or to be prohibited. Among other things, the organizers have to present a “prevention concept” to minimize the risk of infection. The district authorities and magistrates may control compliance with the requirements. The obligations of the organizers to cooperate are now regulated more clearly (including inspection of the venue and inspection of documents).