Finance

Deal at climate summit, but bewilderment and disappointment in many countries

COP26 chairman Alok Sharma called the deal ‘imperfect’, but a step in the right direction. That feeling also prevailed among many delegations. European Commissioner Frans Timmermans even called the result ‘historic’.

Just before the announcement of the agreement, China and India made adjustments to the text. Instead of ‘abolishing’ the use of coal, there is now talk of ‘scaling down’.

‘Mixed feelings’

Reporter Marieke van de Zilver is at the climate summit in Glasgow. She says the summit ends with mixed feelings: “China and India have managed to water down the text about stopping the use of coal at the last minute, and the way it was done was very annoying to many countries. .”

“On the other hand, this is also the first climate summit where the use of fossil fuels is recognized as a problem at all, as is the need to reduce their use. And despite the aftertaste, that is also seen as very important.”

Disappointment for poor countries

“Poorer countries had hoped for a fund to help them deal with the effects of climate change, which they are already feeling, but the US and the EU in particular could not agree. Discussions on this will resume next year Enough plans to limit global warming to 1.5 degrees have not come to this summit as expected, but countries are being called on to hand them in before next year’s summit in Egypt. so be exciting again.”

The agreement concerns, among other things, the limitation of greenhouse gases, fossil fuels and money. Developing countries want more support from rich industrialized countries.

until the last moment

Actually, the summit should have been closed last night, but that turned out to be unfeasible. The deal was discussed until the last minute.

While negotiators on stage were happily taking pictures with each other, the Chinese delegation left the room to continue talking with the US and the EU out of sight of the cameras. According to negotiator Frans Timmermans, today’s agreement is decisive: “So that we can give our children and grandchildren hope. They will not forgive us if we disappoint them now.”

Nearly 200 countries took part in the negotiations at the summit. They all had to agree with the final statement, which is why several draft versions of that text were reviewed.

Fossil fuels

One of the hot topics was phasing out unabated coal power: the use of (coal) coal without capturing and storing its CO2 emissions. Efforts must also be made to end ‘inefficient support’ for other fossil fuels.

In addition to fossil fuels, financial support for developing countries is also a sensitive issue. Poorer countries wanted a ‘facility’ to be set up at this summit for climate damage, a pot of money that they can call on if, for example, they are affected by natural disasters related to climate change. That has now been moved to the next top.

The Netherlands lagging behind

All countries must take measures to drastically reduce CO2 emissions. The Netherlands is not doing well. Reporter Bart Reijnen explains how this works.

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