E-car: This is how you charge and pay at an e-car charging station

Charging stations for e-cars: questions and answers

How does charging at a charging station work?


That Charging an electric car basically works like a normal one Refueling, just that loading usually takes longer. The vehicle is parked next to the charging station and (usually) Connected with a cable and a plug each to the car and the charging station. The equipment usually has to be brought along; It is available at some public charging stations, where you only have to plug the permanently installed cable into the car. You can load either: a) by Alternating current (AC = Alternating Current) with a type 2 plug (Mennekes) or a Schuko plug on a household socket; or b) by Direct current (DC = Direct Current) with a CCS plug (CCS = Combined Charging System). The CHAdeMO plug developed in Japan is mainly used in Asia and the USA, but is slowly becoming extinct in Europe. A Normal charging point emits alternating current in the range from 3.7 to 22 kilowatts, which is converted into direct current by the vehicle’s on-board charger to charge the electric car battery.

A normal charging process with an electric car works like this: Get charging cable, Open the charging socket on the e-car (usually at the front or where the tank opening is on combustion engines) and Connect the plug. Then Unlock the charging stationConnect the plug to the charging station. After charging in the same order remove the cable again. How fast the battery is chargeddepends on the charging station, the charging capacity of the e-car and the charging cable.

How do you pay at a charging station?


The most common methods in Pay at a public charging station are the by loading card (with an invoice usually at the end of the month) or the via smartphone app (with direct debit). Payment by giro / credit card (with prior registration) or SMS (via prepaid or the electricity bill of your home provider) is also rarely possible. However, a revised charging station ordinance stipulates that soon all new charging stations will have to be equipped with a reader for at least one common debit or credit card. It could come into force on July 1, 2023.

Charging cards with a so-called RFID chip are usually held in front of a contact field on the column, the app can be activated by QR code on the charging column. Both methods usually have a previous one Registration required by the respective provider. There are around 300 of them in German-speaking countries. An alternative is the so-called E-roaming, it allows you to pay with a charge card with several electricity providers.

Of the Tariff jungle in Germany is unfortunately still dense and confusing – this is ensured by the variety of flat rates (session fees), starting and basic fees, preferential tariffs or time-based billing, which even called the Federal Cartel Office on the plan. Since April 1, 2019, providers have actually had to use a Billing based on actually charged kilowatt hours enable. But there are still thousands of fast charging stations not in compliance with calibration law and thus, strictly speaking, illegally in operation. However, after consultation with the ministries, the calibration authorities of the federal states do not impose fines in order not to endanger the expansion of the charging infrastructure.

What is Plug & Charge?


You can access it without a smartphone app, QR code or charge card Plug & Charge (“Plug in & charge”). With this system the whole thing runs Automatic loading and payment process by Communication between the charging station and the car – from authentication to initiation to billing. The data is transmitted through encrypted communication, the system is considered secure. As so often, the pioneer of the basic idea was Tesla, the standard according to ISO 15118 standard was developed jointly by charging point, roaming network and charging network operators as well as charging station manufacturers and car manufacturers. However, there is still right few electric vehicleslike the Porsche Taycan that load with technology can. Other manufacturers, such as Audi for the e-tron, are still testing.

How do you find the next free charging point?


Vehicle manufacturers, charging station operators and various Internet portals provide information on their Websites or in apps about where the next charging station is – often also whether it is currently free or occupied. Many modern electric cars also have such a function built into the multimedia system.

What does charging at a charging station cost?


That cannot be said across the board, because with the costs for recharging there is partly serious price differences (Here there is a price overview of several providers). In addition to the various payment systems, they are one of the biggest problems for the acceptance of electric cars in Germany. In a detailed study in 2020, the analysis office EuPD Research found that the difference between the average and most expensive charging tariff for a VW e-Golf is 90 cents per kilowatt-hour (0.35 to 1.25 euros / kWh), which is an additional cost of 1781 euros per year (2485 instead of 704 euros) means.
In 2019, electricity was still more expensive than gasoline in some places, found out the green electricity provider Lichtblick in its charging station check in 2019. Accordingly, the charging current for electric cars was also significantly more expensive than the average household electricity (2018: 30.3 cents / kWh). That has improved in the meantime, but there are still big differences. Help with Finding the best contractThe specialist portal Mobilityhouse can help, depending on individual driving behavior.

Which providers of charging power for e-cars are there?


Vendors are above all local electricity companies, some of which join together to form a supra-regional network. But larger electricity suppliers also offer charging tariffs. at Roaming solutions get e-car drivers Access to the charging stations of several partners. Examples are Plugsurfing and NewMotion, which offer charging at almost all charging stations in Europe, as well as Ladenetz, Innogy, Hubject (especially for fast chargers on motorways), E-Charge (for ADAC members) or EnBW mobility +. For a fee, you take over the complete billing – payment is made according to the tariff of the charging station operator. Some car manufacturers such as VW and BMW also offer charging current tariffs, as do ADAC and the fuel provider Shell (with “Recharge”).

How many public charging stations are there?


The number of public charging points in Germany is up July 2021 according to the Federal Network Agency to around 45,000 grown. To It should be at the end of 2021 according to the ideas of the federal government 72,000, until 2030 even one million charging points, for then – so the goal – seven to ten million electric cars. According to the VDA, 2000 new charging points would have to go into operation every week – ten times as many as last. In addition, the federal government expects the Automotive industry will make a significant contribution by the promised 15,000 publicly accessible charging points.

The main focus is on Fast charging infrastructure. The oil industry should by the end of 2026 three quarters of all petrol stations with fast charging stations equip. Initially by voluntary commitment, rewarded with funding from a new three billion euro aid package. Are by the end of 2022 not a quarter of the gas stations equipped, there should be a legal regulation. This means that the state could oblige petrol stations to set up charging stations.

What are fast charging stations?


Fast charging stations are charging points with a Minimum output of 50 kilowatts (instead of 22 kW). In which also as DC charger designated device is a Integrated rectifierthat converts the electricity and charges it directly into the vehicle’s battery. The best-known supplier of superchargers is the electric car pioneer Tesla, who initially even made electricity available to its customers free of charge. Plus there is still High power charger with a Charging capacity from 150 to 350 kilowatt hours. Since charging electricity there is significantly more expensive, only about ten percent of the network in Germany (more than 24,000 stations) are fast charging stations. In addition, not all cars can cope with such a boost.

The federal government promotes this public fast charging with a total of two billion euros. By the end of 2023, the so-called Germany network arise: charging stations with several DC charging points 1000 locations, 200 of them on motorways. Charging capacities up to 300 kW must be made possible on site. The price per Kilowatt hour charging current should be a maximum of 44 cents amount, however, according to the tender, this is a “breathing upper price limit“, which can be adjusted to inflation and price developments on the electricity market.

Where can you charge your e-car for free?


Who is allowed to stand at a charging station for how long?


Parking is only allowed there Cars with E-license plates (Purely battery-operated vehicles or plug-in hybrids with a range of more than 40 kilometers or below 50 g / km CO2 emissions). This is what it says in the Electromobility Act (EmoG) of 2015. The respective regulate more precisely Cities and municipalities. the Length of stay is generally based on the Loading time limited, sometimes there is also one Hour limit. Information about this is usually provided by the Signage. There is a threat of charging station blockers 55 euros warning fee or even the tow truck.

What are the car manufacturers offering for public charging?


Most manufacturers offer own charging services such as KiaCharge, Mercedes me Charge or BMW Charging. VW, Seat and Skoda operate the charging subsidiary Elli, which manages the charging. Audi, in turn, is at the Charge Now parent company DCS (Digital Charging Solutions) and is also planning its own rapid charging network in cities. DCS shareholders are Daimler, BMW and BP. The DCS charging network currently comprises more than 228,000 charging points in 32 countries.

How can you buy a wallbox for the home?


Thanks to a law from 2020, tenants now also have a fundamental right to have a charging station at their place of residence (here you can find out how you can save on electricity tariffs at home). Charging stations for the garage at home or your own parking space – so-called Wall boxes – you can at Electricity suppliers, electronics stores and Mail order companies, but also at many automakers like BMW, DS, Opel, Tesla, VW and recently also from Hyundai (all information can be found here). Since November 24, 2020, the acquisition and installation of private charging stations have been subsidized by the federal government with 900 euros. A wallbox should definitely be installed by a specialist company.

Related Articles

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Back to top button