Electric car / combustion engine cost comparison: is it worth making the switch?

Should I see myself as the next new car buy an electric car? More and more people in Germany who are thinking about buying a car are asking themselves this question. Many rule it out from the outset, most of them for two reasons: The fear of range and the fear of increased costs. AUTO BILD provides valuable facts and figures on the subject of e-car purchases!
Whether doubts or brooding: for both of them it is worth taking a closer look at the financial, in other words: a Cost comparison between Diesel / gasoline and electric cars. Can e-cars really only be bought by wealthy people who want to calm their eco-conscience?

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Is it cheaper to drive in an e-car than in a combustion engine?

VW ID.3 VW Golf 8 VIII 1.5 eTSI

VW Golf and ID.3 are competitors from the same company: one with a combustion engine, the other with an electric motor.

As is so often the case in life, there is no clear answer to the question of whether it is cheaper to drive with a combustion engine or an electric vehicle. A lot depends on, for example individual (driving) behavior away. Or from the personal environment. Or from bargainthat you may just be discovering. Important: you should not just based on the purchase price permit; even if he is next to by most interested parties Range and Charging facility as most important Decision criterion is used. But it also applies that current costs to be taken into account over several years – i.e. for fuel, Road tax, insurance, maintenance, service and wear and tear at the vehicle. There is great savings potential for e-cars, especially when it comes to fuel / electricity, as a new calculation example from “Check24” (see below) shows. It is also important the residual value in the event of a possible resale. And last but not least, the political circumstances also play a role, including the financial support.

How does the ADAC calculate the kilometer price for an electric car?

If you want to determine for yourself whether the change is worthwhile, you should include other parameters as possible in the cost comparison. The ADAC has the in a large model calculation Kilometer price many E-cars, plug-in hybrids and combustion engines Calculated and found out: some electric vehicles such as the BMW i3 or the VW ID.3 drive the cheapest compared to the BMW 1 Series or VW Golf. The Renault Clio and the traditional Opel Mokka, in turn, cut through the one used by the traffic club Price discount of 15 percent better than Renault Zoe and Opel Mokka-e when buying a new one. The race between electric and gasoline / diesel is more open than ever. who calculate want, he can AUTO BILD cost check serve as a basis. If you need more tips on buying an e-car, you will find it here!

Cost comparison of combustion vs. e-car

What about the acquisition?


Generally are Electric cars in the New acquisition still several thousand euros more expensive than comparable diesel and gasoline engines. This is due to the lower number of items in production, but above all to the expensive batteries. These usually make up a third of the purchase price. But: through the increased electrical purchase premium New car buyers will save up to at least until the end of 2025 9,000 euros as well as part of the VAT. Some manufacturers are even increasing their share and rounding up. However, it must be taken into account that, with a little skill, you can also get decent discounts when buying combustion engines. And: E-car batteries are in the making always cheaper. Lies the Cost per kilowatt hour (kWh) In 2010 it was still around 600 euros, in 2020 it was only 100 euros. Although costs are now falling more slowly, the “Break Even Point” of 100 dollars / kWh (approx. 82 euros) be reached – the level from which the purchase price can keep up with combustion engines even without subsidies.

What are the costs for fuel / electricity?


At the Refueling there are large ones of gasoline or diesel differences and correspondingly many Savings opportunities. In 2021, the price situation at the petrol pumps has increased due to the CO2 tax, the VAT back increase and increased crude oil tariffs significantly tightened. In July, according to an analysis by Clever Tanken (belongs to the AUTO BILD group), the liter of Super E10 cost an average of 1.55 euros, the liter of diesel 1.39 euros. That was 29 or 30 cents more than a year earlier. A current one VW Golf with gasoline engine and 5.5 l consumption (stated and real consumption usually differ from one another) 8.52 euros Fuel costs for 100 kilometers, a diesel with a consumption of 4.5 l 6.25 euros.

The consumer portal “Check24” calculated that Petrol customers (1385 euros) pay around 90 percent more for fuel a year than electric car drivers for electricity (730 euros). The calculations were based on 11,387 kilometers driven, a consumption of 7.8 liters or 20.7 kWh per 100 km and the current prices for petrol and household electricity (31 cents / kWh).

However, it also depends on Charging e-cars the cost of many factors – such as the location, the Charging type and especially from Electricity tariff. who at home on his wallbox charges, which is definitely much cheaper than someone who charges the battery on a fast charger on the highway (if the technology of the car allows it). Ideally, you get the electricity for your e-car free at work or in front of a convenience store. And even in the same place there are big differences: with the right electricity tariff at home, you can save up to 500 euros a year. For comparison: when VW ID.3 with 17 kWh electricity consumption 100 kilometers (corresponds to the average consumption of e-cars in Germany according to the manufacturer) you are at House electricity with an average price of 31 cents / kWh with 5.27 euros included. At public charging points (At the end of 2020 there were 35,649 in Germany) there are still an infinite number of tariff and payment models. At an assumed price of 40 cents / kWh one would be at the ID.3 6.80 euros per 100 kilometers. Refueling and charging have in common that you can influence consumption with your individual driving behavior and thus save a lot of money.

How much do e-cars cost in vehicle tax, what do combustion engines cost?


At the topic Road tax are E-car owner fine out, your electric car is for ten years of this tax to the state freed (in the case of new registrations until the end of 2025; exemption until December 31, 2030 at the longest). All of this also applies to leasing vehicles. When taxing Internal combustion engine cars Since 2021, in addition to the displacement, the CO2 emissions weighted more heavilySo fuel guzzlers cost more. Examples: a small car Hyundai i10 caused 68.40 euros Road tax per year, one VW Golf 8 1.5 eTSI 161.50 euros and a BMW X7 M50d 745 euros. Additionally there is Tax breaks for company cars: In the case of the private use of e-cars under 60,000 euros purchase price, only 0.25 percent of the gross list price must be taxed as a pecuniary benefit, with electric cars over 60,000 euros 0.5 percent. Also, charging for free at the employer’s is not considered a pecuniary benefit, but is tax-free.

What about car insurance?


In general, e-cars are insured according to the same principle as cars with internal combustion engines. The cost of the Car insurance are based primarily on the type, regional and no-claims class of the policyholder, i.e. the accident risk (for insurance comparison). Due to the higher purchase price, a new electric car should fully insured and necessarily the expensive one battery pack as well as towing and damage from a possible short circuit of the battery locked in be. All of this points to more expensive car insurance for e-cars, but some insurers already offer it Special conditions for Stromer. In addition, many electric cars are now cheaper to insure than comparable petrol engines – because of the lower number of accidents, presumably due to many assistance systems on board and a more prudent driving style on the part of the owner.

What do maintenance, service, wear and tear cost?


Concerning Maintenance, service and wear and tear is this Electric car clearly in advantage. An AUTO BILD comparison of three VW models showed a price advantage of around 50 percent for an ID.3 compared to a Golf 7 TDI in terms of maintenance. The e-car does not need an expensive oil change or emission test, typical Wear parts such as gears, V-belts and toothed belts or spark or glow plugs missing on board. the Brakes recuperation technology (energy recovery via the engine) spared. This increases the service intervals, Electric cars have to less common in the workshop. Tesla no longer stipulates inspections, solves a lot through online updates. Most e-cars cannot do without service either, the battery in particular needs regular checks.

What is the residual value of e-cars and plug-in hybrids?


At the Subject residual value (to the Wertmeister 2020) no valid statements can be made because it is still relative few used e-cars gives. However, experts tend to say so low residual values ​​for electric cars (and also for plug-in hybrids) ahead – and that in the long run. The reason for this is the electric purchase bonus for new cars, which means that car customers can expect a heavily discounted, i.e. inexpensive, electric car on the market for years to come.

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