1. Charging at the Schuko socket
Power socket only conditionally suitable
2. Charge at home with the wallbox
The best way to Charging at home is clear a wallbox. She is charging an electric car five to ten times faster on than a household socket. Such a home charging station usually has 11 or 22 kW charging power and must be installed by a specialist company (in six steps to the wallbox). They are a big advantage costs. In the normal house electricity tariff, the kilowatt hour usually costs significantly less than at a public charging point. And best of all: the state is responsible for the purchase and installation funded with 900 euros per charging point (This is how you get the grant). Incidentally, not only homeowners or apartment owners, but also tenants have a chance to have their own charging station (there are five inexpensive wallboxes with subsidies). If you then have another Photovoltaic system on the roof, you can charge for free.
Charging at work has many advantages
3. Public charging points in the tariff jungle
Now for the public store. The Association of the Automotive Industry (VDA) regularly demands more support from the state, and organizational skills and planning are sometimes required for a longer journey. And yet: something is happening in the German one Charging station landscape. According to the Federal Network Agency, were in this country on July 1, 2021 38,876 normal charging points and 6493 fast charging points (altogether 45,369) in operation, plus some not reported. All electric car drivers have a charging option here – in theory. In practice there is still quite a bit impenetrable tariff jungle (Guide to Germany and Europe). Payment is made by charging card or app, and a prior contract is usually required. You can only charge your e-car for free on certain occasions, for example when shopping or eating.
4. Fast charging on the go: Tesla, Ionity, Fastned dominate
The ideal solution especially for travelers Fast charger. However, the electricity is more expensive here and can only be used with the appropriate battery management in the car (DC charging). Above all, Tesla pilots with their 25,000 superchargers around the world are fine. Come since 2019 Supercharger V3 with a peak power of 250 kW is used, on which a Model 3 can recharge a range of 120 kilometers in five minutes. A further increase in output to 300 kW is planned. Another market leader is Ionity, an amalgamation of VW, Daimler, BMW, Ford and Hyundai, which operates 400 charging parks with an average of six on long-distance travel routes in northern, central and southern Europe HPC chargers (High Power Charger; charging power up to 350 kW) want to equip. The Dutch provider Fastned also wants to expand further in Germany.
In the meantime, exotic solutions such as fast charging on street lamps are technically possible, but there is obviously a problem with the approval. And more and more petrol station chains like Aral expand their offer, sometimes even with Ultra-fast chargers. Because at some point, so much seems to be foreseeable, there will be no more cars with internal combustion engines that need petrol or diesel, but only electric cars with electricity.