Easier aerodynamics: The technical regulations have been completely revised for 2022. Goal: more overtaking manoeuvres. All unnecessary structures and wings that cause disruptive air turbulence have been banned. A large part of the downforce is now generated via two tunnels on the underbody. For the first time since the early 1980s, the so-called ground effect, which presses the cars onto the road with negative pressure, is making a comeback. This increases the speed in fast corners, but makes the cars more difficult to drive in slow corners. Overall, downforce is reduced by up to 20 percent. This should make the racing cars slower by up to three seconds. But the most important thing: the pursuer can better stay on the heels of the vehicle in front, as the “dirty air” behind the car is reduced.
Sustainable fuel: The 1.6-liter V6 turbo hybrid remains the same, but the proportion of biofuel is increased. Formula 1 will use E-10 petrol from 2022. That means: Ten percent must be obtained from regenerative resources. The V6 combustion engine had to be adapted for this. In theory, there is also a slight drop in horsepower, which the teams should have made up for by a long time ago.
Lower budget: Since 2021, the teams have had to stick to a budget limit. In the previous year, the limit was 145 million euros (based on 21 GP). Now the maximum budget drops to $140 million. For each race that exceeds 21 GP, an extra $1.2 million is allowed to be spent. Makes $141.2 million at 22 GP.
Condensed weekend format: With 23 planned races, the burden on teams and employees increases. In return, Formula 1 has therefore trimmed the weekend format. On all GP weekends without a sprint, the media Thursday will be shortened. Instead, the pilots now have to speak to the press on Friday morning. Both training sessions then take place in the afternoon.