F1: new rules 2020-2022: Formula 1 cars will be even heavier!

Formula 1 cars are getting even heavier!

The FIA ​​World Council has taken a number of decisions for Formula One seasons 2020 to 2022. Formula 1 cars are getting even heavier.

BAt a (virtual) meeting of the FIA ​​World Council, decisions were made for the Formula 1 seasons 2020 to 2022. That’s them.

The corona crisis is forcing Formula 1 to cut costs. Many parts are completely frozen, i.e. provided with a development stop. These include the chassis, transmission and crash structures. Changes are only possible to a limited extent and are subject to a so-called token system, which already existed in the motor sector in 2014. Means: Each component has a certain value, depending on the importance or influence on the overall performance. Each team is also allowed to make changes with a certain maximum value, so it can change as many parts with the appropriate value until this maximum value is reached.

The number of Evo stages for engines is also restricted. Test bench hours for engines are reduced.
Pirelli can also try out certain tire compounds in the second free practice session.


The underbody in front of the rear axle will be trimmed in 2021

The 2020 Formula 1 cars must also be used in the 2021 Formula 1 season. Nevertheless, there are small differences: Because Pirelli is afraid that the cars will be too fast for the tires in 2021, but Pirelli does not want to construct new tires for cost reasons, the underbody in front of the rear wheels is trimmed a little. At the moment it can still be stretched to a maximum width of 1.60 meters, in 2021 a triangle will be cut in this area. That costs some downforce.

In addition, the cars are three kilograms heavier, which means they weigh 749 kilos. These are the heaviest Formula 1 cars in Formula 1 history (more on the development of the weight of Formula 1 cars in F1 history can be found HERE). Reason for the weight gain: In 2021, the drive trains will have a minimum weight of 150 instead of 145 kg.

The budget ceiling was also decided. In 2021, the Formula 1 teams may spend a maximum of 145 million euros, in 2022 this will drop to 140 million and from 2023 to 2025 to 135 million euros. This applies to 21 World Cup races: more or less one million euros are added or deducted per run. Special items such as driver salaries, three other salaries (e.g. for technology gurus), marketing activities (including the operation of old F1 cars), registration fees, initiatives to promote environmental protection and a few more are excluded.

The budget limit only applies to Formula 1 teams that design their car entirely themselves. If you buy parts, you can spend less. Nominal values ​​have been defined for this. Depending on how many parts a team buys from other racing teams, their spending limit drops by these nominal values ​​by up to 30 million euros. But you also save development costs.

Speaking of development: From 2021 the development time in the wind tunnel, simulator and on CFD computers will be further reduced. The world champion gets only 90% of the development time, the world championship second 92.5%, the third 95% and so on – until the last world championship, who gets 112.5% ​​of the normal development time.

The new Formula 1 cars, which should actually be launched as early as 2021, will come in 2022 (more on the new cars can be found HERE).
In 2022, the number of Evo parts used (i.e. improvements) is to be reduced. The details for this are still being worked out.


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