Finance

Factory for biokerosene in Delfzijl opens even later

This is apparent from a letter to parliament from outgoing Minister Barbara Visser of Infrastructure and Water Management. The factory is expected to come into operation as early as 2022. Later that became 2024. Now NRG, the company behind the kerosene factory in Delfzijl, aims to produce in 2025/2026, Visser writes.

Nitrogen problem

The permits would now be ready to be submitted. Visser does have a hand in his hand. That’s because of the nitrogen problem.

“As a result, there is some unpredictability around the construction of the factories. It cannot be ruled out that obstacles will arise in the process that will affect the planning,” she writes.

Fit for 55

Due to the environment, airlines will have to add sustainable fuels to the kerosene (made from petroleum) with which they fill their planes in the coming years.

In 2025, as part of the European Commission’s Fit for 55, they must add 2 percent sustainable raw materials, and that will increase from 5 percent in 2030 to 63 percent in 2050.

The Netherlands has set even more ambitious targets. By 2030, for example, 14 percent of the fuel in an aircraft must consist of sustainable fuel. By 2050, that should have increased to 100 percent.

Biokerosene and synthetic kerosene

Sustainable kerosene can be biokerosene or synthetic kerosene. The factory in Delfzijl will produce the first variant, from used frying fat and animal fats.

Burning biokerosene still produces CO2 emissions. The profit is in the CO2 reduction in the production chain. Synthetic kerosene is even less bad for the environment than biokerosene.

Synthetic kerosene is produced by converting CO2 from the air into kerosene using sustainable hydrogen. But it takes longer to develop that.

The European Commission also wants aircraft to fly more on synthetic kerosene. By 2030, aviation fuel must consist of 0.7 percent synthetic kerosene and that will increase to 28 percent in 2050.

KLM and Schiphol

KLM is a partner of SkyNRG in the construction of the new factory. KLM has promised to purchase 75,000 tons of the total 100,000 tons that the factory will produce per year.

In addition to KLM, the Dutch SHV Energy, Schiphol and Shell are also partners in the construction of the factory in Delfzijl. SkyNRG and partners want to use hydrogen for the production of biokerosene. This would again have to be produced using wind and solar energy.

SkyNRG is a Dutch company, which was co-founded by KLM. It claims to be the largest in the world in sustainable aviation fuels.

Other biokerosene plants

Other companies in the Netherlands are also working on plans for a factory for sustainable aviation fuel. For example, the Finnish company Neste produces biokerosene in Rotterdam and that production will be expanded to 500,000 tons per year by 2023.

Neste also wants to build a second factory for sustainable fuels in Rotterdam. The decision to build that factory will be taken next year at the latest, says Visser.

Shell is also going to build a factory for sustainable fuel in Rotterdam. Half of the production of 820,000 tons per year is biokerosene.

Synthetic kerosene

There are also plans to build two production facilities for synthetic kerosene in the Netherlands. This is made from green hydrogen and CO2 extracted from the air.

Synkero is working on plans for a first test factory in the port of Amsterdam for 50,000 tons of synthetic kerosene per year. And Zenid wants to produce synthetic kerosene at Rotterdam The Hague Airport.

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