How long does the battery last in a Renault ZOE immobilized in the cold?

Renault ZOE and VW e-up in extreme cold test by ADAC in 2021

The German association ADAC tested the electric city car in very cold weather for 12 hours, without any problem. However, you should follow a few tips to avoid breaking down.

Getting stuck on the road in an extreme snowfall has happened to a few unfortunate people in the winter of 2021. But what happens with an electric car? Seizing the opportunity of the exceptional weather conditions of the last few days, the famous German association ADAC carried out the investigation.

It carried out a 12-hour test on two different models, the Renault ZOE and the Volkswagen e-up !. The second being anecdotal in terms of sales, we should look at the ZOE, n ° 1 in electric in Europe. In a cold of -9 ° C to -14 ° C, the city car was in realistic use, either with heating to 22 ° C, heated seats and activated lights.

After half a day without interruption, ADAC saw the ZOE’s 52 kWh battery drop to 30%. She concluded that the consumption was 3 kW, against 2 kW for the e-up! finishing at 20% (on 32.3 kWh). The association estimates autonomy at 5 p.m. for the ZOE under these conditions (excluding taxiing as a reminder). Favored by its meager consumption but handicapped by its small battery, the Volkswagen e-Up will only last 15 hours under these conditions.

What equipment consumes the most? What advice to follow?

We recently explained it to you on video: the equipment of an electric car consumes little energy. Air conditioning and heating are by far the most demanding instruments. In contrast, screens, headlights, windshield wipers or the radio consume little energy.

The ADAC specifies however that the battery level changes the situation at the time of immobilization. With a battery charged to 20%, it will be advisable to dress well and reduce the heating or air circulation, more economical. For those who have the equipment, the heated seats are also part of the equipment to be preferred.

She also advocates “To keep an eye on the weather as well as the traffic”, in order to adapt the use of the vehicle, and to provide permanent cover in winter.


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