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Hydrogen commercial vehicles with fuel cells for craftsmen?

High prices, few petrol stations, low efficiency, difficult storage: many problems make for a bright future for the Hydrogen in cars rather unlikely. In truck on the other hand the Fuel cell as a drive medium as alternative to the heavy and sometimes voluminous electrical system with battery.

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To be in between light commercial vehicles. This is exactly what more and more manufacturers use than Test balloon for hydrogen propulsion with fuel cells, usually in conjunction with a Plug-in charging solution. So lets Stellantis, the parent company of Opel, Peugeot and Citroën, will be one in Rüsselsheim for the next two years Small fleet of 2000 vehicles from Convert electric to hydrogen, each with a WLTP range of 400 kilometers.
Opel Vivaro-e Hydrogen

The Opel Vivaro-e Hydrogen can drive 400 km, filling the hydrogen tanks takes three minutes.

Opel Vivaro-e Hydrogen with a range of 400 kilometers

On the one hand there is the Opel Vivaro-e Hydrogen with fuel cell drive and plug-in battery. the 45 kW fuel cell provides power, a 10.5 kWh lithium-ion battery covers peak loads when starting or accelerating. The drive battery of the Vivaro-e in the underbody is through three 700 bar tanks for 4.4 kilograms of hydrogen replaced. Whose Refilling takes three minutes. In the Vivaro-e Hydrogen, braking energy can flow back into the battery via recuperation, which can also be used externally for 50 kilometers of purely battery-electric drive is chargeable.

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Important in this segment: that Loading volume of the Vivaro by 5.3 to 6.1 cubic meters (Body variants M and L) does not shrink with the new technology on board. The payload increases to 1.1 tons, as a trailer another 1000 kilograms can be added.

Peugeot e-Expert and Citroën ë-Jumpy Hydrogen

The group brothers bring the same values Peugeot e-Expert Hydrogen1 (Photo above) and Citroën ë-Jumpy Hydrogen with. They also use the “Mid-Power-Plug-in-Hydrogen-Fuel-Cell-Electric” system, are 4.95 or 5.30 long, drive up to 130 km / h with 45 HP and can be driven from behind or from the Side can be loaded and unloaded. Deliveries to the first fleet customers will take place at the end of 2021 or beginning of 2022.

Citroën ë-Jumpy Hydrogen

Like the Peugeot e-Expert Hydrogen1, the Citroën ë-Jumpy Hydrogen has a payload of 1.1 tons.

Renault is part of the Hyvia joint venture

Renault is also active with craftsmen’s favorites, 2022 should first fuel cell vehicles come on the market. As part of their new H2 strategy, the French founded the fuel cell specialist Plug Power in June 2021 Hyvia joint venture (“Hy” stands for hydrogen, “Via” for street) for the production, storage and distribution of green hydrogen. The partnership with supplier Faurecia was announced back in February. It all starts with a van based on a Master. Loading volume of the transporter: twelve cubic meters.
Hydrogen fuel cells in light commercial vehicles

The Renault is also available as a bus. The hydrogen master can be filled up in just five minutes.

Renault Master H2-TECH is the beginning

Renault has next to the box two more prototypes with hydrogen drive at the start. It’s about that Master chassis for various bodies and a bus version from the master. Of the “Master City Bus H2 Tech” should offer space for 15 passengers. Like the chassis, it has one 33 kW battery as a buffer storage. The battery alone enables a range of 100 kilometers.

Hydrogen fuel cells in light commercial vehicles

Hyvia’s Renault H2-Tech panel van was the first Master-based hydrogen model.

One 30 kW fuel cell continuously feeds the energy storage device with electrical energy, which should allow an additional 200 kilometers. The total four hydrogen tanks each with a volume of 1.5 kilograms filled in just five minutes. According to Renault, the hydrogen as fuel is either delivered on site Water electrolysis produced or delivered with tank trailers.

Hyundai rides the “Hydrogen-Wave”

A pioneer of technology is Hyundai. The ix35 FCEV was unveiled in 2013, the Koreans launched the next generation of the fuel cell SUV Nexo in 2018, followed a year later worldwide first heavy fuel cell truck Xcient Fuel Cell. Now the company wants its “Hydrogen-Wave” vision Commercial vehicle range by 2028 complete with Fuel cell systems equip. In the meantime, series production of a greatly improved version of the Xcient Fuel Cell is under way, on the basis of which a tractor is also being developed, which is to celebrate the market launch in 2024. Hyundai does not name specific models from the light commercial vehicle sector, just this much: The company will become one five to seven meter long fuel cell PBV Develop (Purpose Built Vehicle) that targets this global market. In 2030, annual sales are expected to be around seven million vehicles and the price will be at electric car level.

Study shows good CO2-Balance in the life cycle

In spring 2021, the Engineering company auto and traffic (IAV) with an emissions analysis of alternative drives. The assumed CO2-Footprint in three vehicle classes for the year 2030 examined. One result: When looking at the entire life cycle of a vehicle (from raw material extraction through the logistics chain, production, assembly and use to recycling) the Fuel cell in a van with a range of 500 kilometers and a mileage of 200,000 km compared to a pure battery drive and a hydrogen combustion engine one step ahead.

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