Cars

Hydrogen commercial vehicles with fuel cells for craftsmen?

High prices, few petrol stations, low efficiency, difficult storage: many problems make for a bright future for the Hydrogen in cars rather unlikely. In truck on the other hand the Fuel cell as a drive medium as alternative to the heavy and sometimes voluminous electrical system with battery.

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To be in between light commercial vehicles. This is exactly what more and more manufacturers use than Test balloon for hydrogen propulsion, usually in conjunction with a Plug-in charging solution for a ride without fear of range. So lets Stellantis, the parent company of Opel, Peugeot and Citroën, will be one in Rüsselsheim for the next two years Small fleet of 2000 vehicles from Convert electric to hydrogen, each with a WLTP range of 400 kilometers.

Opel Vivaro-e Hydrogen with a range of 400 kilometers

Opel Vivaro-e Hydrogen

The Opel Vivaro-e Hydrogen can drive 400 km, filling the hydrogen tanks takes three minutes.

On the one hand there is the Opel Vivaro-e Hydrogen with hydrogen fuel cell drive and plug-in battery. the 45 kW fuel cell provides power, a 10.5 kWh lithium-ion battery covers peak loads when starting or accelerating. The drive battery of the Vivaro-e in the underbody is through three 700 bar tanks for 4.4 kilograms of hydrogen replaced. Whose Fill up takes three minutes. In the Vivaro-e Hydrogen, braking energy can flow back into the battery via recuperation, which can also be used externally for 50 kilometers of purely battery-electric drive is chargeable. Important in this segment: that Loading volume of the Vivaro by 5.3 to 6.1 cubic meters (Body variants M and L) does not shrink with the new technology on board. The payload increases to 1.1 tonnes, and another 1000 kilograms can be added as a trailer.

Peugeot e-Expert and Citroën ë-Jumpy Hydrogen

Citroën ë-Jumpy Hydrogen

Like the Peugeot e-Expert Hydrogen1, the Citroën ë-Jumpy Hydrogen has a payload of 1.1 tonnes.

The group brothers bring the same values Peugeot e-Expert Hydrogen1 (Photo above) and Citroën ë-Jumpy Hydrogen with. They also use the “Mid-Power-Plug-in-Hydrogen-Fuel-Cell-Electric” system, are 4.95 or 5.30 long, drive up to 130 km / h with 45 HP and can be driven from behind or from the Side can be loaded and unloaded. Deliveries to the first fleet customers will take place at the end of 2021 or beginning of 2022.

Renault is part of the Hyvia joint venture

Hydrogen fuel cells in light commercial vehicles

Hyvia’s Renault H2-Tech panel van is the first of three Master-based hydrogen models.

Renault is also active with craftsmen’s favorites, 2022 should first fuel cell vehicles come on the market. As part of their new H2 strategy, the French founded the fuel cell specialist Plug Power in June 2021 Hyvia joint venture (“Hy” stands for hydrogen, “Via” for street) for the production, storage and distribution of green hydrogen. The partnership with supplier Faurecia was announced back in February.

Renault Master H2-TECH is the beginning

With the van H2-TECH based on the master Hyvia then showed a near-series prototype in mid-October 2021. There are one on board 30 kW fuel cell, four tanks of 1.5 kilograms of hydrogen each and a 33 kWh battery for up to 500 kilometers range, of that 100 kilometers in the pure Battery operated. Loading volume of the transporter: twelve cubic meters. Should follow the Master platform chassis H2-TECH (19 cubic meters; 250 kilometers) and the Minibus Master Combi H2-TECH (15 people; 300 kilometers). At a hydrogen filling station also presented by, the van is ready to drive again after five minutes. According to Renault, the hydrogen is either generated on site by water electrolysis or delivered with tank trailers.

Hyundai rides the “Hydrogen-Wave”

A pioneer of technology is Hyundai. The ix35 FCEV was unveiled in 2013, the Koreans launched the next generation of the fuel cell SUV Nexo in 2018, followed a year later worldwide first heavy fuel cell truck Xcient Fuel Cell. Now the company wants its “Hydrogen-Wave” vision Commercial vehicle range by 2028 completely with Fuel cell systems equip. In the meantime, series production of a greatly improved version of the Xcient Fuel Cell is under way, on the basis of which a tractor is also being developed, which is to celebrate the market launch in 2024. Hyundai does not name specific models from the light commercial vehicle sector, just this much: The company will become one five to seven meter long fuel cell PBV (Purpose Built Vehicle) to target this global market. In 2030, annual sales are expected to be seven million vehicles and prices will be on par with electric cars.

Study shows good life cycle carbon footprint

In spring 2021, the Engineering Society for Cars and Traffic (IAV) with an emissions analysis of alternative drives. The assumed CO2-Footprint in three vehicle classes for the year 2030 examined. One result: When looking at the entire life cycle of a vehicle (from raw material extraction through the logistics chain, production, assembly and use to recycling) the Fuel cell in a van with a range of 500 kilometers and a mileage of 200,000 km compared to a pure battery drive and a hydrogen combustion engine one step ahead.

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