Not just fever and cough: the symptoms of Covid-19 are so diverse

  • Cough, fever and loss of smell and taste are common symptoms of Covid 19 infection.
  • But studies show that the symptoms can be extremely diverse. The virus is able to attack almost every area of ​​the body.
  • For example, infected people can also get rashes, intestinal damage or urological difficulties in the course of an illness.

At the end of 2019, the first reports of a virus disease that had broken out in China were circulating. At that time, there was little information about the symptoms and course of the disease of Covid-19. Flu-like signs could indicate contagion, it was only said at the time.

But since the pathogen also spread to the rest of the world, medical professionals are gaining new insights into the novel corona virus almost every day. The list of symptoms is getting longer – from brain swellings to the so-called “Covid toe”. The virus appears to be able to attack almost every area of ​​the body.

Autopsy shows that blood clots often lead to death

The World Health Organization mentions fever, dry cough, fatigue and shortness of breath as the most common symptoms of Covid 19 disease. The German Robert Koch Institute (RKI) adds sore throat, general weakness, a runny nose, diarrhea and body aches to this list.

According to the RKI, disorders of the sense of smell and taste are also among the most common symptoms of a Sars-CoV-2 infection. The senses return in most infected people a few weeks after recovery, according to a study by the University of California.

A recent Covid-19 autopsy showed that the virus often causes blood clots in critically ill people. This in turn can lead to fatal pulmonary embolism. An increasing number of doctors are therefore opting for anticoagulants in the treatment of people suffering from Covid 19, as reported.

Studies indicate skin changes as a result of Covid-19

But other – sometimes life-threatening – symptoms also seem to be related to the virus. This can lead to strokes, brain swellings and heart damage, reports the “Spiegel” with reference to several Covid-19 studies. Urological complications can also result from an infection. A Chinese research team came to this conclusion.

Bowel damage can also occur. A US study found that 31 percent of patients who received a CT image as a result of Covid-19 infection had abnormalities on the intestinal wall.

Even some skin problems are now part of the symptoms of Covid-19. A study from Spain, which examined 375 people infected with Sars-CoV-2, showed that rashes, hives or swollen toes that resemble frostbite can also be used to indicate the pathogen. The phenomenon is now often referred to as “Covid toe”. Other studies from China and Italy also indicated skin changes associated with a coronavirus infection.

Seriously ill children show symptoms of Kawasaki syndrome

Reports of severe Covid 19 disease history in children have also caused a stir recently. Dozens of children had been hospitalized in New York. These showed symptoms that resembled the rare Kawasaki syndrome. They suffered from rash, vomiting, diarrhea and fever. Kawasaki syndrome mainly occurs in young children and leads to inflammation of the vascular walls.

The variety of symptoms can be explained by the large number of infected people. “With a widespread disease, even rare complications often occur,” quotes “Spiegel”, infectiologist Babak Javid from Cambridge University Hospital. Meanwhile, Johns Hopkins University reports the number of confirmed Covid 19 cases worldwide at 4.6 million. However, the number of people actually infected could be much higher, Javid suspects.

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