Information technology shapes our everyday life – not only through the ever more extensive data transmission along all everyday steps. IT also determines the job market. In practically all industries, it increases the demand for digital skills and, of course, especially for IT specialists.
According to the Bitkom digital association, there were 86,000 positions open for IT specialists at the end of 2020. “That is the second highest value ever measured since the first survey of the Bitkom labor market study 2011”, says Nina Brandau, advisor for education policy at the digital association Bitkom.
This drives salaries up: skilled workers in the IT sector earn an average of 60,500 euros, according to salary analysts from the online job platform Stepstone * in the 2021 salary report. According to the report, men earn an average of 61,300 euros gross per year, more than women (56,000 euros).
According to Bitkom, six out of ten companies (60 percent) expect the IT skills shortage to worsen in the coming years. “Corona has given digitization in Germany a boost and thus created more jobs for IT specialists across all industries in the long term,” says Brandau.
It is by no means the case that the IT industry requires a degree in computer science, shows Stepstone’s salary report. There are many ways into the industry. Most IT professionals in the industry have degrees in computer science and mathematics (29 percent), engineering (22 percent), business informatics (20 percent), and business administration, economics and economics (11 percent).
In the future, IT specialists will remain in demand in all areas, says Brandau. The economy is currently driving the topics of artificial intelligence and big data. “The job profiles of data scientists and big data analysts will therefore gain in importance,” says the Bitkom expert. According to Bitkom, programmers and IT administrators are most in demand. Corona fuels the need.
“Especially in the area of software development, there will continue to be a high demand, since the Corona crisis has produced many new digital tools that have to be set up and further developed,” says Brandau. Software developers earn an average of 55,900 euros a year.
This is what Solution Architects, IT Security Specialists, Scrum Masters deserve
Jobs as Solution Architect are still particularly in demand. The specialists who develop software architectures for business-critical applications earn an average of 82,400 euros a year. IT security positions are also lucrative. Here there is an average earnings of 70,700 euros a year.
SAP specialists who have mastered various IT applications as well as the popular SAP software for controlling business processes bring it to an average of just under 68,000 euros per year.
The position of Scrum Master in IT, a position in agile software development, is also popular. Scrum Masters earn an average of 62,300 euros annually, as an IT consultant there is an average annual salary of almost 59,900 euros. UX designers, specialists in user-friendly design of digital products, earn 47,200 euros per year.
Master craftsmen and business administrators bring in 60,800 euros annually – more than the Bachelor’s
With a completed apprenticeship, IT staff earn an average of 49,400 euros gross per year. The bachelor’s degree brings in around 56,000 euros annually in the IT industry. Employees in the IT sector earn an even higher annual salary with an apprenticeship as a specialist and master craftsman: an average of 60,800 euros. 57 percent of all foremen and business administrators have more than 11 years of professional experience, and only 16 percent of those with a bachelor’s degree, the Stepstone salary analysts determined.
“Masters and business administrators have often been working for a long time in a company as Bachelor graduates, some of whom have just left university and started their job,” says StepStone salary expert André Schaefer. Masters and business administrators work in the IT sector as IT team leaders (average annual gross salary: 70,600 euros), as IT project managers (62,500 euros) or in IT system administration (51,700 euros).
“In general, the more work experience, the higher the salaries,” says Schaefer. In the IT industry, this means an average annual income of 41,400 euros for beginners with less than a year of professional experience. Up to 2 years of experience bring 44,400 euros, 3-5 years in the profession 51,400 euros. After that, the wage rises more significantly: after 6-10 years, IT workers achieve an average annual salary of 60,300 euros, 11-25 years of professional life mean an average annual income of 71,900 euros. And anyone who has been in the job for more than 25 years comes to just under 80,000 euros a year.
Best-paying industries: banks, chemicals, vehicle construction
Every year, IT specialists with a master’s degree earn an average of 61,800 euros. The average annual salaries with a technical college diploma (75,900 euros) in IT exceed those of employees with a university diploma (75,600 euros) for the mostly more experienced with diploma degrees. At the top are IT experts with a doctorate with an average annual salary of around 81,600 euros.
The industry that pays IT experts best is banks: They offer them an average annual salary of EUR 71,300. Immediately afterwards follows the chemical and oil processing industry, which pays IT specialists 70,800 euros per year. In the vehicle construction and supplier industry, there is an average salary of 70,000 euros, in the consumer goods / durables industry it is still 68,800 euros per year. This is followed by the pharmaceutical industry with an average annual salary of 68,400 euros and the aerospace industry (68,100 euros).
The same applies to IT: large companies pay more
As almost everywhere in the economy, large companies pay their IT specialists the higher salary. You are often active internationally. Companies with more than 10,000 employees pay an average annual salary of EUR 74,900. In companies with 1000-5000 employees it is 65,000 euros.
In companies with 500-1000 employees, IT specialists receive 60,800 euros, with 11-50 employees it is 51,500 euros per year. There are 47,800 euros in companies with 1-10 employees.
Where do you have to move to get the highest paying IT jobs? According to federal states, Hesse (annual earnings: on average 65,800 euros), Bavaria (63,300 euros), Baden-Württemberg (63,200 euros), Hamburg (61,900 euros), North Rhine-Westphalia (59,600 euros) or Bremen (58,600 euros) would be considered.
Among the cities, Frankfurt with an annual gross salary of 69,900 euros, Munich (69,000 euros), Stuttgart (68,500 euros), Heilbronn (67,300 euros) and Erlangen (66,800 euros) are right at the fore for IT specialists. In Essen, at the bottom of the top 10, IT workers still earn a salary of 63,500 euros a year. As always, it is the mix of private life, job, framework conditions and region that makes it.
* Like NewsABC.net, Stepstone is part of Axel Springer SE.