Cars

Test: This is how far the battery charge in electric cars really goes

Electric cars are great, but that Subject range occupies the motorists and creates discussions. the Manufacturer’s information come from test benchthat much is certain. It has little to do with everyday life. How far does a battery charge really go?
In the editorial office, we are currently testing the Mercedes EQA with the smallest engine, 190 hp. Its 66 kWh battery should be according to the WLTP standard 428 kilometers go far. In practice he hardly manages that, resulted in a first long-distance tour less than 300 km on the highway. Is this Fraud? The problem: depending on Outside temperature, speed, load and wind conditions can the battery times later and sometimes clearly earlier empty be – and of course it’s not the manufacturer’s fault. You measure according to the fixed test bench consumption standard WLTP, but this is not particularly realistic. Purpose of the norm consumption: He makes the Car models together comparable. But nothing more.

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So if you want to know what is really in range in the lithium-ion battery, you cannot rely on the official figures. Then a must hard practice check bring the result. AUTO BILD tests electric cars on a clearly defined consumption cycle – that is, under almost real conditions.

This is how the AUTO BILD test round works

Each of the 700 or so test vehicles a year – regardless of whether they fill up with fuel or electricity – have to go through them 155-kilometer consumption lapwhich, roughly speaking, lies between Hamburg and Lübeck. Start is at a charging station / gas station in the Hamburg city area: fill up the battery or car until nothing works. Let’s go.
Range display for an e-car

In reality, there is rarely 100 percent of the range specified by the manufacturer.

Of the City portion amounts to 40 kilometers, 61 kilometers lead over Country roads. We drive this section at a leisurely pace, avoiding full throttle. On one 54 kilometers long section of the motorway we drive what the road traffic regulations give – inclusive 20 kilometers full throttle. Back at our gas station in Hamburg, we calculate based on the refilled fuel or electricity the Average consumption. Attention: e-cars with you higher top speed have a small one with this measurement method disadvantage. A Polestar 2, for example, runs at a top speed of 205 km / h in the top version, other electric cars are automatically limited much earlier. E-cars with a high top speed therefore tend to perform worse in this test.

Real range of e-cars

Aiways U5

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Battery: 61 kWh; Consumption on test round: 28.5 kWh; Real range: 214 km; Top: 170 km / h

Audi e-tron GT Quattro

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Battery: 84 kWh Consumption on test lap: 26.3 kWh; Real range: 310 km; Top: 245 km / h

Audi Q4 e-tron 40

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Battery: 77 kWh; Consumption on test round: 21.1 kWh; Real range: 360 km; Top: 160 km / h

BMW iX3

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Battery: 73 kWh; Consumption on test round: 24.1 kWh; Real range: 300 km; Top: 180 km / h

Citroën ë-C4

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Battery: 50 kWh; Consumption on test round: 23.9 kWh; Real range: 200 km; Top: 150 km / h

Fiat 500

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Battery: 42 kWh; Consumption on test round: 15.6 kWh; Real range: 193 km; Top: 150 km / h

Hyundai Ioniq

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Battery: 73 kWh; Consumption on test round: 23.8 kWh; Real range: 300 km; Top: 185 km / h

Hyundai Kona

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Battery: 64 kWh; Consumption on test round: 18.8 kWh; Real range: 330 km; Top: 167 km / h

Mercedes-Benz EQA

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Battery: 66 kWh; Consumption on test round: 23.5 kWh; Real range: 280 km; Top: 160 km / h

Mercedes-Benz EQV

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Battery: 90 kWh; Consumption on test round: 29.4 kWh; Real range: 306 km; Top: 160 km / h

Opel Mokka-e

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Battery: 50 kWh; Consumed on test lap: 21.9 kWh: Real range: 210 km; Top: 150 km / h

Opel Zafira e-Life

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Battery: 75 kWh; Consumption on test round: 24.3 kWh; Real range: 309 km; Top: 130 km / h

Skoda Enyak 80

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Battery: 77 kWh; Consumption on test round: 21.9 kWh; Real range: 350 km; Top: 160 km / h

VW ID.4 Pro

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Battery: 77 kWh; Consumption on test round: 21.9 kWh; Real range: 350 km; Top: 160 km / h

VW ID.4 GTX

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Battery: 77 kWh; Consumption on test round: 24.6 kWh; Real range: 319 km; Top: 180 km / h


the difference between Laboratory readings and the hard everyday life shows up across that entire range of electric cars. Particularly blatant examples: ► According to the WLTP, the Audi RS e-Tron GT electric sports car with a powerful 646 hp (in boost mode) should be charged with up to 472 km drive far. According to AUTO BILD, however, are real only 290 km. As already mentioned above, it also drives up to 245 km / h and therefore has a disadvantage in terms of consumption. ► The first electric Ford Mustang with a large battery also has much better standard values ​​than reality can guarantee: 610 km WLTP promises, the AUTO BILD round brought with it 440 km almost a third less. Interesting at this point is the US EPA standard, developed by the American environmental authority: according to this, the Ford drives 482 km – much closer to reality. ► Even small cars don’t have to perform better: The new Fiat 500 looks cute, but it works in reality 193 km against maximum 293 km in the laboratory.

Fiat 500e

Serious underperformer: The Fiat 500e has almost 100 km less range in everyday life than on the test bench.

New electric car test: the Autobahn tour

The real consumption tests go even further: The AUTO BILD test round dates back to the time of combustion – and that’s why AUTO BILD has extra for the Stromer recently another additional test mode thought up: the 130 km / h motorway tour. Reason: Motorway trips are for Batteries the greatest burden – no recuperation, high wind resistance – that’s why e-test cars now drive a motorway tour at strictly 130 km / h. It is first fully charged, then turned directly onto the long-distance route and over a distance of approx. 200 kilometers recommended speed drove. The total consumption is measured at the end of the journey – and the average is then determined.

Real electric car range on the autobahn

Audi Q4 e-tron

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Battery: 77 kWh; Test consumption when driving on the motorway: 21.1 kWh; Range at 130 km / h: 365 km

Audi RS e-tron GT

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Battery: 83.7 kWh; Test consumption when driving on the motorway: 28.8 kWh; Range at 130 km / h: 291 km

Ford Mustang Mach-E

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Battery: 88 kWh; Test consumption when driving on the motorway: 20.0 kWh; Range at 130 km / h: 440 km

Hyundai Ioniq 5

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Battery: 72.6 kWh; Test consumption when driving on the motorway: 23.8 kWh; Range at 130 km / h: 305 km

Kia e-Soul

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Battery: 64 kWh; Test consumption when driving on the motorway: 16.3 kWh; Range at 130 km / h: 393 km

Mercedes EQV

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Battery: 90 kWh; Test consumption when driving on the motorway: 29.4 kWh; Range at 130 km / h: 306 km

Opel Zafira e-Life

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Battery: 75 kWh; Test consumption when driving on the motorway: 24.3 kWh; Range at 130 km / h: 309 km

Porsche Taycan 4S

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Battery: 79.2 kWh; Test consumption when driving on the motorway: 24.1 kWh; Range at 130 km / h: 329 km

Skoda Enyaq iV 80

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Battery: 77 kWh; Test consumption when driving on the motorway: 21.9 kWh; Range at 130 km / h: 352 km

VW ID.4 GTX

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Battery: 77 kWh; Test consumption when driving on the motorway: 24.1 kWh; Range at 130 km / h: 320 km

VW ID.4 Pro

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Battery: 77 kWh; Test consumption when driving on the motorway: 21.5 kWh; Range at 130 km / h: 358 km


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