Germany expects a first vaccine against COVID-19 infections by the end of the year. Then it should not be long before as many people as possible can be vaccinated. In addition to clinics, marquees, gymnasiums and exhibition halls, churches are also to be converted into possible vaccination centers. There should be mobile teams for older people or people from the risk group so that they do not get infected while they go to places for vaccinations.
But how does such a vaccination actually work in times of pandemics and what is required for a vaccination? NewsABC.net provides an overview of the various steps before, during and after vaccination.
1. Preliminary information: Everyone should be able to find out about it before the vaccination, for example via apps, doctor’s offices or pharmacies.
2. Appointments: First of all, anyone who can get a priority vaccination can request an appointment, for example older people. You can make an appointment by phone or digitally via the appointment service points of the Association of Statutory Health Insurance Physicians. It should also be possible via the app.
When making an appointment, you will be asked for a vaccination authorization. Its purpose is to ensure that the vaccinations are first distributed to people who belong to the risk group and later to people who belong to important professional groups, such as carers.
The nearest vaccination center is selected to make an appointment. At the same time, a follow-up appointment should be made so that enough vaccine doses are available for the second vaccination. For this, all personal details are recorded and forwarded to the vaccination center. For the appointment, you will need your ID, vaccination certificate and a questionnaire, which asks for vaccinations from the last eight weeks and possible allergies.
3. Directions: A website will provide information on how to get there, providing all information about the vaccination centers. There should also be enough parking spaces.
On site at the vaccination center
4. Arrival: Upon arrival, an examination is first carried out to determine whether people have cold symptoms such as coughing, runny nose or fever. The temperature is also measured. If you don’t have mouth and nose protection with you, you should get one.
5. Registration: Finally, the date for the vaccination and the vaccination eligibility are checked, for example using the age in the ID card or the employer’s certificate of professional activity. If there is no vaccination certificate, a new one will be issued.
6. Wait: There should be a corona-compatible waiting room.
7. Education: In this step, patients should be informed about the vaccination in different languages. It can vary depending on the vaccine. Because of the current seven vaccine candidates, each of them can have their own side effects. In addition, patients can clarify individual questions.
8. Maybe wait
9. Vaccination: Here the upper arm is cleared and the skin is disinfected. Finally, all patients can be vaccinated under medical supervision or by medical staff.
10. Observe: In this step, the patient is observed so that doctors can help directly in the event of unexpected side effects.
11. Unsubscription: The vaccination is entered in the vaccination pass and is recorded digitally. In this way you can find out later how high the vaccination quota is, i.e. the proportion of people in Germany who have already been vaccinated.
12. Exit from the injection station: All patients leave the vaccination center so that too many people don’t gather in one place.
13. Return home or to work
14. Observation: In the penultimate step, patients should observe whether their state of health has changed. If there are unexpected side effects, everyone should contact their own family doctor.
Last possible step: Follow-up appointment for the second vaccination dose
15. Follow-up appointment: The next appointment is agreed in the second step. It then proceeds exactly as described here from step 3.