Because of the corona virus, a normal vacation season will not take place this year.
If there is a travel warning in the country you want to travel to, you can cancel the holiday free of charge.
If your trip is further in the future, you sometimes need strong nerves because you would have to run after your money if you cancel prematurely.
The consequences of the novel corona virus also have an impact on the vacation of Germans. Anyone who has already booked a package holiday for the summer is likely to fluctuate whether they want to leave or fly at all under these circumstances. Even if you are convinced that you want to start your journey, the question remains whether it can take place at all.
Because: The federal government extends the worldwide travel warning for tourists because of the coronavirus pandemic until at least June 14, 2020. This affects Pentecost holidays in individual states, but not yet the summer school holidays, which only start on June 22.
The Federal Foreign Office justified the extension in the cabinet proposal that “severe and drastic restrictions in international air and travel traffic and worldwide entry restrictions, quarantine measures and restrictions on public life in many countries can still be expected”.
How the vacation will continue in the summer is not yet clear. In the cabinet submission of the Federal Foreign Office states: “The decision to extend the travel warning must be seen in connection with the EU entry restrictions at the external borders, quarantine regulations in Germany on return travel and the EU internal border controls.” These measures should be valid for each other be coordinated. The Federal Foreign Office is in discussion with the European partners.
With travel warnings, consumers get their money back
It is precisely this uncertainty that ensures that those who have booked a vacation in summer need strong nerves. “During a worldwide travel warning, consumers can cancel their trip free of charge and reclaim their money from the organizer,” Mathias Hufländer, travel law expert at the Bremen Consumer Center, told NewsABC.net.
If this travel warning is no longer available in summer, the circumstances in the target country matter. For example, if there are restrictions on outdoor exercise, that could be a reason to approach your travel agent. “For example, you could suggest rebooking the trip to an appointment next year,” advises Hufländer.
According to the consumer advocate, it is important not to lose your nerve. “Basically, the prices for customers rise, the shorter they cancel their booking before the start of the trip,” explains Hufländer, “but a withdrawal from the trip is free of charge if you are not allowed to travel.”
Plague, HIV, Ebola: 11 pandemics that have changed human history
Plague, HIV, Ebola: 11 pandemics that have changed human history
Justinian Plague (541-750)
The rule of Justinian I, the emperor of the Byzantine Empire in the 6th century, was affected by the outbreak of bubonic plague. The pandemic, now known as the Justinian plague, is said to have killed between 30 and 50 million people, writes National Geographic. That corresponds to about half of the world’s population at that time.
The Justinian plague has definitely happened. However, researchers have not yet agreed on how far-reaching the consequences of the plague were, according to “Smithsonian Magazine”.
Many experts assume that the pandemic has largely brought trade to a standstill. As a result, the Byzantine Empire was weakened, allowing other civilizations to retake areas in the Middle East, North Africa, and parts of Asia. Emperor Justinian was just about to unite the eastern and western halves of the Roman Empire when the pandemic struck. The outbreak is therefore understood by some as a crucial point for the end of this era.
It remains to be seen whether these events are actually attributable to the pandemic. However, it is clear that the Roman Empire was never reunited and the Middle Ages began.
Bettmann / Getty Images
The Black Death (1347-1351)
Between 1347 and 1351, bubonic plague spread across Europe and killed around 25 million people. It took more than 200 years for the European population to return to the pre-1347 level. In Asia, especially in China, where the plague probably originated, the death toll is likely to be even higher.
Another episode of the pandemic, which later became known as the Black Death, was the beginning of the decline in serfdom, according to a Khan Academy article. Since so many people had died, the living standards of the survivors rose. Workers had more employment opportunities and social mobility increased. At the same time there was a brief standstill in warfare.
From a cultural point of view, the catastrophe led to an increase in mysticism, as suffering challenged the religious dominance of the Roman Catholic Church. Reactions to the plague included an increase in fanaticism and the “scapegoat narrative”. This led to increased prejudice and pogroms against minorities such as Jews and Roma.
Smallpox (15th-17th centuries)
The Europeans brought a number of new diseases with them when they first arrived on the American continents in 1492. One of these was smallpox, a contagious disease that kills about 30 percent of those infected, according to the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
Between the 15th and 17th centuries, about 20 million people died of smallpox on the American continent. That corresponds to almost 90 percent of the population at that time. The pandemic helped Europeans colonize and develop the newly conquered territories and changed the history of America, its European conquerors and the global economy forever.
The exploitation of the New World mineral resources in the form of silver and gold from Latin America, for example, led to massive inflation in the distant Spanish Empire. The economist John Maynard Keynes wrote in 1930 that this “price revolution” was a crucial turning point in the emergence of modern capitalism.
Bettmann / Getty Images
The first cholera pandemic started in Jessore, India, and spread across most of the region and then to neighboring areas. It was the first of seven major cholera pandemics that killed millions of people.
A British doctor named John Snow found out how to prevent the spread of the disease. In 1854 he was able to contain the outbreak by tracing the source of the disease to a specific water pump in the Soho district of London.
The World Health Organization has called cholera “the forgotten pandemic”. The seventh outbreak that started in 1961 continues to this day. According to the WHO, cholera infects 1.3 to four million people each year, with the number of annual deaths ranging from 21,000 to 143,000.
Cholera is caused by the ingestion of food or water contaminated with bacteria. It therefore rages primarily in countries that show extreme differences in prosperity and whose level of development is limited. Cholera continues to change the world by attacking those areas that are least able to defend themselves. Rich countries no longer have to worry about cholera.
The Spanish flu (1918-1919)
The Spanish flu was an outbreak of the H1N1 virus, which infected around 500 million people in the early 21st century. At that time, this corresponded to a third of the world’s population. The pandemic was responsible for the deaths of over 50 million people worldwide, the CDC website said.
At the time of the outbreak, World War I came to an end and health authorities had little or no official protocol for dealing with virus pandemics, which added to the great impact of the pandemic.
In the years after the flu, it was possible to understand how the pandemic started and how it could have been prevented. The research has helped improve healthcare and helped mitigate the effects of similar flu-like virus outbreaks.
Underwood Archives / Getty
Hong Kong flu or H3N2 (1968-1970)
Fifty years after the Spanish flu, another flu virus spread across the world: H3N2. It has been estimated that there have been approximately one million deaths worldwide, including approximately 100,000 in the United States.
The 1968 pandemic was the third outbreak of influenza in the 20th century, the other two were the Spanish flu in 1918 and the Asian flu in 1957. The virus responsible for the Asian flu is believed to have developed and developed as Hong Kong ten years later Flu showed up again. This led to the H3N2 pandemic.
Although H3N2 was not as deadly as the H1N1 virus from the Spanish flu in 1918, H3N2 was extraordinarily contagious: 500,000 people became infected within two weeks after the first reported case in Hong Kong, according to an article by the “Encyclopaedia Britannica” . The pandemic helped to understand the crucial role of vaccination in preventing future outbreaks.
HIV / AIDS (1981-present)
The first documented cases of HIV / AIDS were reported in 1981. But the virus still infects and kills people today. Since 1981, 75 million people have been infected with the HI virus. Around 32 million have died from the effects of the virus, AIDS.
HIV is a sexually transmitted virus. So far, only a few cases have been cured, reports the Deutsche Aids-Hilfe on its website. However, HIV can now be treated with medication so that infected people can live a long life.
Basketball superstar Magic Johnson made history when he left the NBA in 1991 and made his HIV diagnosis public. Johnson remains a successful businessman and is committed to educating people about HIV and AIDS.
The impact of the HIV / AIDS crisis on the global economy is still under investigation. Research often focuses on Africa, the continent with the largest proportion of HIV / AIDS cases.
In the 1980s and 1990s, the global LGBTQI community received a lot of attention due to the strong impact of HIV / AIDS on its members. One of the first mainstream films to deal with HIV / AIDS and homophobia was the 1993 Philadelphia film, which won an Oscar.
SARS, short for severe acute respiratory syndrome, is a disease caused by one of the seven coronaviruses that can infect humans.
In 2003, an outbreak originating in the Guangdong province of China became a global pandemic. Within a very short time, the disease spread to a total of 26 countries. Just over 8,000 people were infected – 774 of them died as a result, the CDC said.
The impact of the 2003 SARS pandemic was limited as authorities around the world responded by quarantining the affected areas and isolating infected people. Scientists who study the new 2019 corona virus have found that its genetic makeup is 86.9 percent identical to the SARS virus, the Stat website says. The comparison serves to assess whether governments can successfully repeat one of the 2003 containment procedures.
The outbreak of SARS has raised awareness of preventing the transmission of viral diseases. This applies in particular to Hong Kong, where public facilities have since been cleaned regularly and face masks have become part of everyday life.
Greg Baker / AP
Swine flu or H1N1 (2009-2010)
In 2009, a new form of the influenza virus appeared that infected approximately 60.8 million people in the United States, with the number of deaths worldwide ranging from 151,700 to 575,400. Swine flu was relatively mild in Germany, but a few thousand people were also infected here, according to the website of the health insurance company headquarters.
The name of the so-called swine flu is misleading because the virus is transmitted from person to person, but can also occur in birds and pigs.
It differs from typical flu outbreaks in that 80 percent of virus-related deaths occurred in people under 65 years of age. Typically, 70 to 90 percent of flu-related deaths occur in people over 65, the CDC said.
H1N1 has shown how quickly a virus can spread in the 21st century. Swine flu has made it clear that additional preparations are required so that the global community can react more quickly in the future. Swine flu has also shown that countries with advanced health systems are also susceptible to the rapid spread of flu-like viruses.
REUTERS / Stringer
The Ebola virus, named after a river near the first outbreak, was limited in range compared to most modern pandemics, but incredibly deadly.
The outbreak started in 2014 in a small village in Guinea. A handful of neighboring countries in West Africa were also affected in a very short time. The virus killed 11,325 of the 28,600 people infected, with most cases occurring in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone, the CDC said.
Ebola is estimated to cost a total of $ 4.3 billion, with overseas investment declining dramatically in the three countries listed above.
Similar to the cholera pandemic, Ebola initially affected those countries that could hardly defend themselves against the disease due to a lack of financial and medical resources.
Jerome Delay / AP Photo
If you cancel a trip further in the future, you could initially remain seated on the down payment already made, which is usually between 25 and 30 percent of the travel price. Should the travel warning actually be extended later, his money would have to run after it.
Vacation: Consumers do not have to accept voucher solutions from providers
There is another point that consumers urgently need to know about vacation, says Mathias Hufländer. “Organizers often only offer vouchers to consumers when a trip is canceled. However, they have the right to a refund of the price within two weeks, ”says the travel law expert.
In fact, the federal government is planning an amendment to the law that would allow a voucher solution. The plan is for customers who booked a trip before March 8, 2020 to receive a voucher for the trip price. This should be secured against bankruptcy of the respective provider and be valid until December 31, 2021. If it is not redeemed by then, consumers will get their money back. So these vouchers would be a kind of bridging loan for the providers. However, the EU Commission has to agree to this initiative because travel law applies according to EU guidelines.
Federal government wants to change travel law
“Suppliers already rely on this solution today and therefore only want to reimburse consumers with vouchers. Customers should therefore know that they can object to this proposal, ”says Hufländer. Basically, he sees the planned change in the law as a disadvantage for consumers, since they are currently getting their money back for a vacation in a short period of time.
In summary, the best case for consumers is when the organizer has to cancel a trip. “However, the organizers sometimes wait until the last day,” says Mathias Hufländer. Therefore, the strong nerves regarding the 2020 vacation are necessary in some cases.
Transparency notice: The original article dates from April 21, 2020. It was updated on April 29, 2020 due to the extended travel warning.
With material from the DPA.