It has now been almost a year since the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the corona epidemic in China a global pandemic on March 11, 2020. Since then, a total of 114 million people have been infected with the virus and over 2.5 million have died of the consequences following the outbreak of the lung disease Covid-19. Even in March 2021, despite progressive vaccination programs and previously falling numbers worldwide, the WHO considers an end to the pandemic this year to be unrealistic, as reported by the “editorial network Germany”.
The goal is now to keep the transmissions as low as possible, said the director of the WHO emergency program, Michel Ryan. The greatest hope is in the vaccines. “If the vaccines start not only affecting deaths and hospital admissions, but also have a significant impact on transmission dynamics and risk of transmission, then we will move more quickly to control this pandemic,” said Ryan.
However, relying only on vaccine distribution is also negligent. The WHO chief Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus appeals to the world population to continue to pay attention to the rules of hygiene and not to be careless. After the number of infections had tended to decline worldwide for six weeks, the WHO has now reported an increase in cases for the first time. If the virus is loosened too early and the new virus variants spread, more people become infected with the virus again.
Another problem is the unfair distribution of vaccines. According to the WHO, three quarters of all vaccinations worldwide were carried out in ten countries, which account for 60 percent of the global gross domestic product. The plan now provides for 237 million vaccine doses to be distributed in 142 poorer nations by the end of May. In countries such as Ghana and the Ivory Coast, medical personnel have now started to vaccinate – three months after the start of vaccination in Germany.